Demand for Malaysian industrial real estate could rise further driven by a resilient manufacturing sector and ASEAN’s growing e-commerce market.
Accounting for just 1.8% of Malaysian property transaction volume and 8.3% of transaction value, industrial properties contribute the least to Malaysia’s property transactions by volume and value according to data from Malaysia’s National Valuation and Property Services Department’s (JPPH) Property Market Report 2017.
However, with Malaysia’s residential and commercial property sectors facing oversupply issues, the country’s industrial property sector may offer better prospects; Malaysia’s manufacturing sector is resilient (contributing 23% to GDP in 2017 and accounting for 15% of 2017 FDI inflows) which suggests industrial properties for manufacturing and warehousing could offer investment potential, and the country’s ecommerce market is booming which could open opportunities for industrial real estate in areas such as logistics and warehousing. In particular, larger storage space near ports and airports, and smaller warehouses located close to urban areas could see an uptick in demand, as distributors look to establish fulfillment centers close to their customer base in an effort to shorten parcel delivery times to online shoppers.
An example of this is when real estate private equity and advisory firm Area Management Sdn Bhd announced its plan to set up an inner city distribution hub in Kuala Lumpur. The warehouse which will have 1.2 million sq ft of warehouse space will be located in Hulu Kelang, in the town of Ampang, just about 10 minutes away from KLCC.
Such investments in industrial property could be just the beginning. ASEAN’s e-commerce market is booming, yet with e-commerce accounting for just 2% of the region’s total retail sales, (this is lower than the average worldwide which saw 10.2% of total retail sales coming from online sales in 2017 according to eMarketer). Singapore has the highest e-commerce penetration with 5.4% f total retail sales being made online, followed by Malaysia at 2.7% according to a report by Maybank Kim Eng Research suggesting ample room for growth. Research by Google and Temasek forecasts the region’s e-commerce sales to grow at a CAGR of 32% from US$ 5.5 billion in 2015 to reach US$ 88 billion in 2025, when they will make up 6% of total retail sales in the region. Management consulting firm A.T. Kearney expects Malaysia’s e-commerce market to grow 23% annually until 2021 according to a 2017 report.
Furthermore, as intra-ASEAN trade grows and consumption increases stimulated by rising incomes among ASEAN’s 600 million plus population (larger than that of North America and the European Union), logistics demand in the region is poised to grow. Malaysia’s strategic geographical location, and its strong infrastructure network puts it in prime position to emerge as a logistics hub for the ASEAN region. Malaysia’s infrastructure is second only to Singapore among ASEAN countries according to a report by the World Economic Forum.
A number of multinationals looking to capitalize on Southeast Asia’s emerging markets have already spotted Malaysia’s logistics potential. Swedish furniture company IKEA has selected Malaysia to be its ASEAN logistics hub and the company will be investing nearly a billion Malaysian ringgit to establish a regional distribution and supply chain in the country in what would be among its 10 biggest regional distribution centers globally. E-retailer Zalora has invested RM 20 million building a regional e-fulfillment hub in Malaysia and Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba (NYSE:BABA) has selected Malaysia’s commercial capital Kuala Lumpur as one of the company’s five global hubs with the others being Hangzhou, Dubai, Liege and Moscow. French automaker Groupe PSA has selected Malaysia to be its ASEAN hub and Chinese tech giant Tencent (HKG:0700) has selected Malaysia as its ASEAN data center hub.
West Malaysia – Central Region
Selangor, Malaysia’s most prosperous state and the top contributor to Malaysia’s GDP (accounting for 22.7% of Malaysia’s GDP), dominates Malaysia’s industrial property market, boasting about 35% (or 39,139 units) of Malaysia’s industrial properties. Selangor is followed by southern region state Johor (16,117 units) and northern region state Penang (9,057 units).
Boasting logistics hubs such as Port Klang (Malaysia’s busiest container port), Shah Alam, and the upcoming KLIA Aeropolis, the state of Selangor, Malaysia’s richest state, shows potential to be developed into a regional logistics gateway to the ASEAN region thereby supporting ASEAN international trade. For instance, Swedish furniture retailer IKEA set up a new regional distribution and supply chain center in Pulau Indah Industrial Park in Port Klang, which will serve IKEA stores throughout the ASEAN region.
Port Klang is Malaysia’s busiest port and the world’s 11th busiest port according to the World Shipping Council. Although the formation of a new global shipping alliance, the Ocean Alliance, in April 2017 saw a number of carriers shifting from Malaysian ports to Singapore ports, resulting in a 10% drop in Port Klang’s container throughput, and with the rise of competing ports in the region such as Ho Chi Minh City and Jakarta further eating into Port Klang’s share of transshipment volumes (which account for over 60% of Port Klang’s volume according to data from the Port Klang Authority), Port Klang, ASEAN’s second biggest port, is still expected to remain as a secondary transshipment hub, second only to Singapore.
Thus, the current limited supply and higher prices of industrial land in Port Klang townships such as Pulau Indah is likely to persist. Last year, a land transaction in Pulau Indah topped the list of Malaysia’s highest industrial real estate transactions by value when a 274,413 sqm vacant plot in Pulau Indah Industrial Park sold for RM 112 million according to data from the National Property Information Centre (NAPIC).
With Malaysia’s first Digital Free Trade Zone being set up in KLIA Aeropolis, Port Klang has been identified as a potential location for another new Digital Free Trade Zone, industrial real estate demand in Port Klang as well as the surrounding area could see further increases.
Companies moving in to capitalize on the opportunity include Sime Darby (KLSE:SIME) and Japan’s Mitsui (TYO:8031) which have announced a partnership that would see the development of industrial facilities on 39 acres of land at Bandar Bukit Raja in Klang (about 20 kilometers away from Port Klang) with an estimated gross development value of RM 530 million.
Selangor is among the fastest growing states in Malaysia, with much of that growth driven manufacturing, services and agriculture (this compares with Kuala Lumpur where growth is driven by services).
Shah Alam, the state capital of Selangor, is a popular manufacturing hub, located about 20 kilometers away from Malaysia’s biggest container port, Port Klang, 50 kilometers away from Kuala Lumpur International Airport and about 30 kilometers away from Malaysia’s vibrant city center Kuala Lumpur. This makes Shah Alam an attractive location for manufacturing, warehousing and distribution activities, and the city already boasts a number of high profile occupants including German logistics company DHL which maintains a supply chain logistics hub in Shah Alam,
Yet, as Malaysia’s burgeoning e-commerce market continues to grow, Shah Alam could see rising industrial real estate demand as its advantage of being strategically located close to Selangor’s key airport (KLIA), sea port (Port Klang) and being located within Malaysia’s Klang Valley (one of Malaysia’s most advanced retail markets) lure multinationals and e-commerce companies looking to establish warehousing, e-fulfillment and distribution facilities to tap into ASEAN’s growing army of online shoppers.
Suggestive of this potential, Singapore-based property developer Aspen (Group) Holdings Limited (SGX:1F3), has diversified into logistics, having acquired a 71 acre industrial land in Shah Alam which will be developed into an integrated logistics, warehousing and e-commerce hub.
FM Global Logistics (M) Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of Malaysian freight services provider Freight Management Holdings Bhd (KLSE:FREIGHT) is developing an e-commerce fulfillment hub in Shah Alam.
Axis Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) has acquired two parcels of industrial land in Shah Alam, for RM87 million.
Meanwhile DRB-HICOM (KLSE:DRBHCOM) has disposed of its non-industrial real estate assets in an effort to focus on industrial property development.
Fashion e-retailer Zalora selected Shah Alam to establish its e-fulfillment hub, fancying the industrial city’s merits of being close to the airport, the seaport and close to Kuala Lumpur where it has a large customer base.
Volvo, the Sweden-based subsidiary of China’s emerging automotive giant Geely (HKG:0175) announced that it is looking at making Shah Alam its export hub to serve the ASEAN market.
Malaysia’s KL International Airport is a 45 minute drive away from Malaysia’s leading container port, Port Klang, a 45 minute flight away from Singapore, a one and a half hour flight away from Bankok, Jakarta and Ho Chi Minh City.
Malaysian airport operator Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad (KLSE:AIRPORT) is developing an air logistics hub, named KLIA Aeropolis, in a 404.7 hectare site surrounding the Kuala Lumpur International Airport. The airport city project is expected to attract RM 7 billion in foreign and domestic investments.
Having selected Kuala Lumpur to be its global hub along with five other cities, namely Hangzhou, Dubai, Liege and Moscow, Cainiao Network, the logistics arm of Chinese ecommerce giant Alibaba, is constructing the company’s first regional e-fulfillment hub outside China – a new distribution center in KLIA Aeropolis near the KL International Airport, as part of a wider agreement to build a Digital Free Trade Zone (DFTZ) which aims to facilitate SMEs to engage in cross-border trade. The DFTZ is scheduled to begin operations in 2020.